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Category: Survival Tips

How To Make an Emergency Gas Mask

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How To Build An Emergency Gas Mask - You can buy top notch military grade gas masks from the Internet, hardware stores and from military surplus outlets but what if you needed one quickly and in an emergency? See how to build your own right here!

We are all living in an unpredictable and sometimes dangerous world, where bad things happen to good people all the time.

One of the “iconic” must-have items according to those in the know for a prepper’s stockpile is the gas mask. What exactly is a gas mask, though? Well, to put it simply, a gas mask is that thing that has the potential to save your life by filtering toxins from the air when SHTF in one of the following situations:

  • In a natural/man-made disaster, when airborne pollutants fill the air. In the aftermath of volcanic eruption for example, the dust and ash in the air can kill you by obliterating your respiratory system. The same principle applies in an office building fire.
  • In a riot eliciting a chemical attack, a gas mask will make the difference if you have one when confronted with CS gas, tear gas or whatever.

You get the picture: basically, a gas mask will help you keep your lungs clear and your nose, mouth, eyes and mucous membranes protected from harmful substances. Having a gas mask ready or knowing how to improvise an effective DIY one on the fly is crucial both for your long term survival and your physical comfort in an emergency SHTF situation.

{adinserter emp}There are lots of disaster scenarios where a gas mask will help you mitigate the contamination in the air regardless of whether it’s smoke, particulates, infectious agents, airborne diseases, chemicals or what not. Fortunately, in this day and time, decent gas masks and respirators are commercially available everywhere, both online and offline.

You can buy a military-grade gas mask from the internet, in hardware stores, in Army surplus outlets etc, but there’s a flip side to that coin too: the coin itself, meaning that they are pretty expensive to buy and to maintain.

While they perform excellently, standard gas masks/respirators require regular maintenance, as in frequent changing of the filter cartridges, proper storage and so on and so forth. All these come with a hefty price tag, especially when times are tight.

Also, and, most importantly, you can’t carry a gas mask around with you 24/7/365. That would be pretty weird and uncomfortable, because gas masks are bulky and heavy. It would be very peculiar to carry around a gas mask with you at work, don’t you think? People will label you as a terrorist or a nutcase.

Also, keep in mind that standard gas masks don’t function well if you have facial hair; any type/length of facial hair will negatively effect the crucial tight seal a gas mask has against your face.

However, you should know that there are alternatives to buying a regular gas mask. Yes, you can build yourself one using readily available materials (stuff you already have in your house) which are also dirt cheap even if you don’t already have them.

There’s a downside to a DIY respirator though: you can’t trust it with your life, especially in cases of biological or chemical attack, because it’s not anywhere near as effective as the real thing so using one in a life threatening situation is a desperate measure, the last resort..

Fair warning: A DIY gas mask / respirator is primitive when compared to a standard/military grade one and offers very limited protection especially in a chemical/biological attack; you should be aware of the fact that tear gas (for example) is no joke; it can seriously injure your respiratory system and lead to death in certain situations especially if you suffer from chronic lung disease or asthma. To put it bluntly, a homemade gas mask should be Plan B because it can never compete (efficiency wise) with a military grade mask that features special filters, fibers, vents and valves and what not.

The idea of a DIY gas mask is nothing new. It started back in the 40’s during WW2. The citizenry was instructed on the how to’s regarding DIY gas masks and the concept continued with Occupy Wall street protesters along with  many others Arab spring: Syrian, Egyptian, Maidan in Ukraine, Occupy in Hong Kong etc.) as people were trying to protect themselves against the chemical weapons used by the regime police and military forces.

DON’T WANT TO BUILD YOUR OWN? JUST GRAB ONE HERE.

 Now, let’s take a look at the most popular DIY methods for gas masks, shall we?

1. The most basic DIY gas mask that can save your respiratory system (and implicitly your life) in the case of an event such as a volcanic eruption or a fire where ash and smoke fill the air. If these don’t sound probable to you, think about Pompeii and Mount St. Helens and 9/11.

In these cases, a fairly effective gas mask can be improvised under exigent circumstances from a simple cotton T-Shirt. Yes, it’s that “your T-Shirt can save your life” kind of a deal, when your ripped T-shirt will work as an efficient anti-dust/ash mask.

All you have to do is tear the T-shirt apart and use strips of fabric to cover your nostrils and your mouth (tied at the back of your neck) and voila, this is the simplest DIY gas mask project. For best results, you should get the cloth damp before using it, if possible.

2. One of the most dangerous things that can happen to you in a SHTF situation when you get gassed/trapped in a fire is loss of vision. Swim goggles will save your life if you’re caught in a stampeding mob “sprayed” with tear gas and running for their lives, soaked in panic. To stay alive in such situation, you’ll be required to see properly if you want to make it to safety. A quality pair of swim goggles is a must-have item to keep around in your “tactical” bag.

Cider vinegar can be used to protect you from the inhalation of tear gas, remember that folks. You can use a bandana soaked in cider vinegar put around your nose and mouth until you get to safety.

3. The soda bottle gas mask is my favorite DIY project because it offers a reasonable amount of protection from various contaminants, it’s very simple to manufacture and it doesn’t require huge skills or exotic materials to build it. It’s also pretty effective for a home-made gas mask and it can be built in 15 minutes tops, if you have the necessary materials and a little bit of (prior) training.

For your soda bottle gas mask project you’ll require a sharp cutting tool (razor blade, exacto knife, sharp scissors), a permanent marker, glue, a 2 liter soda bottle, rubberized foam insulation strip (at least 1” wide) and a N95 particulate mask. Total cost: maybe $5.

You’ll have to clean the 2 liter plastic bottle and remove the labels. After that, draw a U-shaped area using the marker, big enough to fit your face and yet not too big. You should start with a smaller cut and work your way up from there because you can always trim more but you can’t put it back. You’ll need a fit snug against your face for an efficient seal.

The bottom of the bottle must be cut away, along with the U-shaped section (using the template lines drawn with the marker to fit your face).

You’ll end up with a basic shape that can be further adjusted for an optimal fit until you get it right. Keep in mind that the mask should fit your face tight yet not be uncomfortable.

Next, you’ll use the rubberized foam insulation as a seal for the edges of the bottle until you end up with a secure, complete seal and you’ll also make a circle of foam insulation inside the bottle that will serve as a resting place for the filtering element (the N95 mask) 2 inches up from the spout.

The elastic bands from the N95 mask will be removed for later use, along with the metal bridge. The N95 mask’s edging must be carefully cut. Just leave enough to keep the edges sealed. After that, the N95 mask must be placed inside the neck of the bottle, with the filter pointing out and down towards the spout. The elastic bands from the N95 mask will be used to secure the gas mask firmly on your face (as in the video below).

 

Article – http://www.survivopedia.com/diy-gas-mask/ – Picture – http://www.shtfpreparedness.com/build-emergency-gas-mask/

80 Awesome Uses for Paracord

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I’ve come up with 80 uses for paracord – but I need to get to 100. Check out this list and help me come up with the other 20 uses!

Related–> Best Paracord We Can Find Online

80 Uses for Paracord | Survival Life

Last week a friend of mine saw the paracord lanyard that I keep on my keychain and asked what it was for. I explained a little history of paracord and told him and many of the different ways that it could be used.

I told him (jokingly) that there were over 100 different uses for paracord. He laughed at me and said that if I could list off 100 uses he would take me out to my favorite steak joint and buy me dinner. What he failed to say was that I couldn’t have help getting the list together.

I’ve come up with a list of 80 things so far and I need your help to find the other 20 (or more!)

Here is what I have so far:

1: Tie tarp to trees

uses-paracord-tent-strap

Paracord is even sturdier than rope, and is always a great piece of gear to have on-hand when you need to secure a tarp for your shelter.

2: Lanyard to hold items (knife, keys etc)

uses-paracord-lanyard

There are plenty of lanyard projects for paracord, owing to the great flexibility and versatility of the material. A paracord lanyard provides easy access to your essential items while on the go.

3: Emergency paracord wrist band

uses-paracord-braceletThis is an exciting project because you that you have an amazing multi-purpose tool, ready to be used anytime, anywhere you are. Truly a must-have for any prepper and survivalist.

4: Emergency snare (from one of the strands inside)

uses-paracord-snare

If you feel hungry out in the wilderness, paracord can be used to trap food. A snare may seem primitive but it has been proven effective. What’s even better is the fact that it can be used to trap human foes as well.

5: Fishing line (from inner strands)

uses-paracord-fishing-line

You can also catch fish with your parachute cord. If you have a fishing hook and a rod, whether ready-made or improvised, you’re ready to get some food.

6: Boot laces

uses-paracord-boot-lace

This is another one of the many ways to bring along lots of paracord without anybody knowing, and boots can hold long stretches of cordage. Of course you don’t want to be barefoot after using some of it so you can try a new trick: double lacing.

7: Floss with the inner strands

uses-paracord-floss

In survival scenarios, personal hygiene might be sacrificed for more important things, but who says you can’t keep your teeth?  Just cut up the outer shell of the paracord and you can use the strands to remove the food and plaque between teeth.

8: Dog lead

uses-paracord-dog-lead

Preppers and survivalists who love dogs will definitely enjoy working on this project. I mean, who would expect to have yards and yards of paracord from a dog leash?

9: Emergency suture (from inner strands)

SHTF can take place anywhere at anytime and that includes life and death situations. Add some paracord to your first aid kit because it might help in closing cuts or wounds.

10: Wrap knife handle

uses-paracord-knife-handle

Sometimes knife handles break from hard use. Paracord can be used as a substitute. It makes the knife easier to hold. You can also make a loop at the end of the handle for an added handling option.

11: Bow drill

uses-paracord-bow-drill

Making fire with friction is primitive but effective. This is another one of the many survival uses for a paracord.

12: Clothes line

Drying clothes may become difficult when you have bugged out. Set up a clothes line using paracord and you will have warm, fresh and dry clothes. You can also have a paracord clothes line at home if you like.

13: Improvise a seat  by lashing a long log horizontally to 2 trees

We’ve been doing this for a long time with ropes. All you have to do is use paracord and you can rest after a long day of hunting and gathering.

14: Emergency repair for sail while sailing/canoeing

A torn sail at sea can spell disaster. Leave the cursing and blaming behind and mend that sail with paracord so that you can keep going.

15: Belt for your trousersuses-paracord-belt

This is probably one of the most popular paracord projects. A belt is a great way to store and bring along a huge volume of cordage. Be prepared and look good doing it.

16: Hang kettle/cooking pot over a fire

Outdoor cooking is made easier with paracord. You can also build a campfire crane with the help of this super useful cordage.

17: Emergency sewing thread (from inner strands)

uses-paracord-thread

There are so many strong and tough threads inside a parachute cord. They can also be used to sew things together.

18: Make a fishing net from inner strands

And you thought fishing with paracord only meant using it as a line for your hook and rod? You can also fabricate a fishing net from the strands.

19: Make into a net hammock

uses-paracord-hammock

These days a hammock is not only good for a cool nap. It can be used as a temporary dwelling when you bug out.

20: Improvise a sling

uses-paracord-sling

A sling makes bundling and carrying cargo easier. A paracord sling adds another benefit which is having cordage available to you anytime you need it.

21: Hobble your horse

uses-paracord-horse-hobble

 

22: Perimeter trip wires (attach to tin cans or anything to make noise)

A trip wire gives you a sense of security when you have camped out in a strange place. You can rest easy knowing that you will get a warning if there is an intruder.

23: Watch strap

uses-paracord-watch-strap

I believe that a paracord watch strap should be on every prepper’s wrist. You can make one or buy one, and you will not regret it.

24: Rig up a quick bow stringer when you’ve forgotten yours…

uses-paracord-bow-stringer

It is dangerous to string your bow without any stringer. If you have been into archery for some time, you know exactly what I mean. It’s always a good idea to have some paracord with you, like when you forget to bring your stringer.

26: Carry gear on your back when you don’t have a rucksack

It is essential to know how to improvise gear. Depending on expensive or high tech equipment will not save you all the time.

27: A platypus hose cleaner (by tying granny knots in it and pulling it through)

uses-paracord-hose-cleaner

Hoses collect dirt as time goes by, not only on the outside but also inside. That mud, grease or dirt will clog up the hose in addition to making it look disgusting. Get your paracord, tie granny knots in it and pull it through that dirty hose.

28: Tie house keys to forgetful children

With all the distractions kids are dealing with, they often tend to forget the more important things. Make a keyholder from paracord and tie it to your child’s wrist or favorite bag and you can be sure they’ll be safe indoors when you’re not around.

29: Emergency tow rope (admittedly you need several strands, but it is surprising what a few together will hold!)

uses-paracord-tow-rope

It’s a fact of life that things break down sooner or later, and that includes your vehicle. If you don’t have a tow rope when your car is not working, your bundle of 550 cord will come in handy.

30: A pulley line for dragging big bits of wood up the side of a hill

It doesn’t take a genius to figure out that moving large chunks of wood demands lots of physical exertion. Factor in a hill and the problem only gets worse. A pulley line will make the work much lighter.

31: A standby strop….  for polishing a razor

Stropping is a quick and easy way to keep the edges of your razors or blades sharp. You are maintaining as well as extending the life of your tools.

32: A skipping rope for kids (needs a heavy knot in middle)

uses-paracord-jump-rope

Give the children a fun activity. Skipping rope is a great way to exercise and maybe divert their attention from the aftermath of a disaster. You can even join in if you like!

33: Hang mesh frames for propagating plants in greenhouse.

uses-paracord-plant-pot-hanger

Be creative with your homesteading garden. With a mesh made from paracord, you don’t need to buy a wire trellis anymore.

34. Bear bag

uses-paracord-bear-bag

Keep bears away from your food. Hang your food supplies on a tree branch up high and keep those grizzlies at bay.

35: Rudimentary swing for the kids if and when they become bored.

The children will get bored when you have camped out for some time. Parachute cord is strong enough to make a swing with. This way you’ll keep the kids happy.

37: Abseil down a cliff edge

uses-paracord-abseil

When you don’t have a rope with you, paracord can take its place. Just make sure you have enough and you know the proper way of rappeling.

38: Headband or hair tie

uses-paracord-headband

This paracord hack will keep the ladies looking nice and neat. Of course the guys with long hair will also benefit from paracord hair tie.

39: Bundling around firewood for easy carry

Carrying firewood back to camp can be a daunting task. Bundle them together with your 550 cord and it becomes a piece of cake.

40: Tie on to a sled so you can drag it during the heavy snow

uses-paracord-sled

Walking with heavy load can make movement impossible. Your feet will only sink deeper with every step. It is better to put your cargo on a sled and drag it along with paracord than carrying all that weight on your back.

41: Hang a light over the designated latrine for night times

Finding the toilet in the dark is a difficult, if not disastrous, proposition. You would rather have the light on so you can find your way to relief. And that paracord is really helpful in setting up that light.

42: Replace a snapped pull string on older lights

It’s so frustrating when a light is difficult to turn on because the pull string is missing. Paracord make a great replacement.

43: Improvise a fuse

Fuse burned up on your oil lantern? Not a problem. Paracord burns great and can be used to make an improvised fuse

44: Hanging mirror or other large objects

When bugging out, you might need to improvise a little when it comes to home decor. Paracord is strong enough that it will keep mirrors and other large, heavy objects suspended.

45: Use as a strap wrench or Spanish windlass

uses-paracord-strap-wrench
Use paracord to make a rudimentary pulley system for moving heavy weights.

46. Make a halter for your horses

If you’re in need of horse tackle, don’t fret. Paracord can be used to make a makeshift knotted halter.

47: Improvised bore snake for cleaning a firearm

uses-paracord-bore-snake
Cleaning your weapons can be tricky without the proper equipment. Once again, it’s paracord to the rescue.

48: Make a tire swing

As previously mentioned, it’s easy for kids to get bored in a bug out situation. Have them help you make a tire swing out of paracord. The project itself and the hours of entertainment provided by the swing will keep them occupied.

49: Hanging your hammock

I mentioned earlier that a hammock can be made of paracord. But even if you already have a hammock of your own, paracord can still come in handy when it’s time to hang it.

50: Hang an emergency whistle round your neck

An emergency whistle is important to have in a disaster situation or when bugging out with a group. Make sure you have a whistle on you at all times with this paracord hack.

51: Pull cord for chain saw

This is just another way paracord can help you in your woodworking projects or when building a shelter.

52: Pull cord for boat engine

It can be nervewracking when you’re out on the water and need to repair your boat. Sailers and boaters should always have a spool of paracord handy.

53: Pull cord for lawn mower or weed eater

uses-paracord-pull-cord

Without a pull cord, that lawnmower is just a very large, expensive paperweight. Use paracord and save money on costly repairs.

54: Emergency Tourniquet

uses-paracord-tourniquet

If you’re injured or are suffering from heavy bleeding, and you can’t get to a hospital immediately, a tourniquet can be used as a last resort.

55: Tying down straps & belts of rucksacks when traveling

When traveling with a lot of gear, it can be easy to drop or lose track of what you’re carrying. Tying it all down with paracord can keep your cargo in place and accounted for.

56: Replacing a drawstring cord in a rucksack or on gaiters

Keep the items in your rucksack secure with this quick and easy paracord fix.

57: Tent guy lines

Tie paracord between two trees to construct a tube tent.

58: Make a monkey fist

A monkey fist can be an effective self defense tool when you don’t have other weapons on hand. They are pretty awesome.

59: Tie down a rucksack lid should one or both buckles break

Need to make your rucksack more secure? Tie down the lid with paracord and keep your items in place.

60: Make an improvised stretcher by lashing poles together and making a net

uses-paracord-stretcher

In an emergency medical situation, this project could literally be a lifesaver.

61: Lash poles together to make a shelter

Make sure your shelter can withstand the elements by securing it with strong 550 cord.

62: Lash a blade to a long pole in order to use as a spear (for emergency hunting)

uses-paracord-spear
Improvised weapons are great for hunting in the wild when you don’t have traditional weapons on-hand. Paracord is perfect when constructing a spear.

63: Wrap a mini maglite handle for grip

uses-paracord-flashlight

No need to worry about your flashlight slipping out of your hands when you’ve got a paracord grip.

64: For lowering equipment/packs down cliff edges

Lowering cargo down a cliff can be a precarious situation, but your trusty paracord will help you get the job done.

65: Handcuffs for bad guys

uses-paracord-handcuffs

When tied correctly, you can be sure that these makeshift handcuffs will keep your captive from escaping or turning back on you.

66: Entertainment during stressful times

uses-paracord-pastime

In a survival situation, it’s important to take some time to relax and let your mind wander. Tying and untying paracord knots is a great way to unwind (no pun intended)… plus, you get to practice tying knots, so you know exactly what to do when you actually need them.

67: Zipper pull

uses-paracord-zipper-pull
A broken zipper is one inconvenience you don’t want to deal with in a survival situation. Use paracord to fix a broken zipper pull.

68: Make a ladder

uses-paracord-ladder
A ladder isn’t exactly practical to carry with you in your bug out bag, but some paracord and some found sticks or boards make a perfect makeshift one.

69: Hanging a kill or your rucksack out of reach of animals at night

There’s nothing more frustrating as a hunter than having your kill stolen overnight by varmints. Paracord can help you hang it out of their reach.

70: Mooring your boat to a dock

Keep your boat safe and secure by using paracord to dock it.

71: Replace a broken water ski rope

Sure, this might not be a “survival” necessity… but on your next trip to the lake, you won’t have to worry about broken ski ropes if you’ve got paracord handy.

72: Teach yourself to tie life-saving knots

uses-paracord-knots
Paracord is easy to manipulate, so it’s great to learn to tie basic and more advanced knots. Once you learn the basics of tying the knots, you can start working with thicker, heavier rope.

73: Use it to collect water

Tie a knot and place inside a plastic bottle, hang from a rock or damp surface and the water will collect on the cord and drip into the bottle.

74: Help climb a tree

Wrap paracord around a tree to use as a grip and make it easier to climb.

75: Use it to make improvised snow shoes

uses-paracord-snowshoes

Keep your feet warm and dry with these improvised paracord snow shoes.

76: Make a sling for killing small animals.

Hunting and trapping is made much easier when you’ve got plenty of paracord on-hand.

77: Create a bullwhip for defense or entertainment

uses-paracord-bullwhip

A paracord bullwhip like the one pictured above can be fun to play around with, and can also be used for self defense when needed.

78: Create trot lines for fishing

uses-paracord-trotline

When you’re bugging out and hungry, you’ll be glad you brought some paracord along to help you catch your next meal.

79: Create a gill net for fishing

uses-paracord-gill-net

If you didn’t pack a fishing net, don’t worry — as long as you brought some paracord along, you can construct your own.

80: Lash together multiple pieces for a stronger cord

uses-paracord-rope

The great thing about paracord is that it’s so versatile. If one strand isn’t strong enough for your needs, weave multiple strands together to make a sturdy rope.

Related–> Best Paracord You Can Find Online

That’s all I can come up with, so far… Can you help me enjoy a steak dinner? Leave your suggestions in the comments below!

Sourced: http://survivallife.com/80-uses-for-paracord/

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